Fundamentals of trauma care management
Basic wound care management is an area that requires significant resources in any medical facility. The injury for every surgery and every treatment, and any circumstances that cause injury, will depend on the ability to provide effective wound care. There are many ways to manage basic wound care and reduce follow-up for infections and long hospital stays, both of which require the resources of medical institutions. By further understanding basic wound care management, we can have a domino effect on the efficiency of other areas of any facility. Basic wound care management has several goals that are achieved through a variety of means.
The purpose of wound care
If a wound does require specialized treatment based on its cause and condition, there are some basic steps that can be followed in all wound care.
1. Remove damaged tissue that can’t be repaired.
2. Clean and disinfect the area.
3. Measures to prevent further damage.
4. Identify the source of the wound and determine the extent of care (acute or chronic) required.
5. Create conditions that allow healing without complications.
6. Ensure ideal healing conditions for wound dressings.
Having staff trained in the latest techniques for treating and dressing wounds can save patients time to heal and prevent slow healing wounds from having an unnecessary negative impact on patients’ lives. When it comes to chronic wound care management, hyperbaric oxygen therapy should be considered if the type of wound is known to respond to it.
Overview of basic wound care management
Because basic wound care management is an important aspect of follow-up care, there is a lot of research on how to improve healing speed and prevent anything that further slows healing or causes complications. It is therefore vital that all staff concerned are kept informed of any and all new information. This is easier to do by building relationships and partnerships with institutions that specialize in wound care.
There is a degree of assumption that wound care management and risk involves extensive treatment or the use of additional methods. New information and methodologies should therefore be implemented with supervision and caution.
Assess the cause of injury and damage control
This step is critical to the long-term effects of the wound. The less attention that is given here, the more tedious or erratic the treatment becomes. Only in an emergency would you neglect the care and attention to remove the damaged tissue, and at the same time pay attention to the nerves and observe the extent of the damage. In some cases, the cause is not immediately obvious, so it takes time to establish information through diagnosis and evaluation.
An important factor in slow wound healing is the thin film that forms on the surface of the wound, which allows microbes to grow, making any wound detrauma important. Sometimes this step is not included because the damaged tissue is not always obvious.
It is also necessary to examine the cause of swelling. Edema can be a potential problem that requires urgent attention. A normal swelling of the wound may require treatment before the wound closes and further treatment can be carried out, but the cause of the swelling should be identified.
Cleaning and disinfection
Materials used to clean the wound and bring the area around the wound into a state that can be properly treated have an impact on healing rates. Depending on the cause of the wound, the material can moderate or cause combustion. The latest information on wound care may mean that for some wounds, this step can help kick-start the healing process. One example is the topical foam treatment of certain ulcers. At the very least, knowing the cause and your patient information can prevent an unmanageable emergency.
This procedure is repeated each time a dressing change is required, which is also a way to monitor the condition of the wound. Continuing treatment with the right materials will increase healing time — when the patient is under your care, all efforts should be made to ensure that the patient or the patient’s caregivers are adequately equipped and trained to perform this step.
Trauma outpatient treatment
The area usually needs to be anaesthetized at least initially — your doctor may prescribe pain medication or local anesthesia for this procedure. Antibiotics can also be prescribed by a doctor if there are any signs of infection, or as a preventive measure when certain conditions are effective. Oxygen therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy have been shown to be effective in wound healing. Increasing the amount of oxygen in the blood helps healing to occur from an internal channel, rather than just through local application.
The wound closed
There are several ways to suture the skin around a wound. Treatment will depend on the condition of the wound and sometimes on what is available. For example, adhesives can be used as a temporary method if suitable stitching materials are not available. Patients may want to know which methods heal with the least amount of scar, and new methods need to be studied. There are some exciting discoveries in this area.
Wound dressings themselves are a big topic, and there are many ways to improve them. It has this effect on wound care. Almost all healing can be delayed or interrupted by improper bandaging.
Dermlin Wound Healing Dressings are a good choice.
Every little detail matters when dressing a wound, and tightening (affecting blood flow to the wound) and drying (conditions around the wound need to change at each stage of healing) are details that both patients and caregivers will benefit from. With staff on site, their first priority is to take the time to “upskill” patients and their care providers with all the right methods and information, which is the kind of care that patients will thank their healthcare providers for.
There is a method for layering wound dressings with different materials depending on the nature of the wound, how wet or dry it is kept, and how topical it is treated.
1. Usually, you need a first layer that won’t stick to the wound or absorb any topical ointment.
2. Special care should be taken in bandaging wounds around joints and skin, as there is movement in these areas during the day.
3. Patients need to be informed of signs of infection, especially if a wound needs to be dressed.